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Egypt Threatens To Revoke Israeli Peace Treaty 

Chris Agee
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In a dramatic turn of events that recalls the historic 1978 Camp David Accords, Egypt has just issued a warning to Israel — it may void the decades-old peace treaty over the escalating conflict in Gaza. Egypt appears to be reacting to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s pledge to intensify military operations in Rafah, a strategic region on the Gaza-Egypt border. 

The Camp David Accords were brokered by President Jimmy Carter and the agreement has long represented the hope for reconciliation in the Middle East. The peace process began with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s unprecedented visit to Jerusalem in 1977. That diplomatic mission opened up new channels for negotiations between Israel and Egypt. 

Hosted by President Carter at Camp David in 1978, the intensive 12-day talks resulted in two agreements — a framework for peace between the two nations and a broader plan for peace in the Middle East, culminating in the 1979 peace treaty. The agreement led Israel to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt and opened diplomatic channels between the two former adversaries.


However, the recent surge in violence has cast a long shadow over these diplomatic achievements. Netanyahu’s commitment to a ground offensive in Rafah raises significant concerns, not just for the safety of civilians caught in the crossfire but for the geopolitical balance in the region. Rafah, already burdened by a massive influx of Palestinian refugees fleeing the violence, faces a further humanitarian catastrophe. The city’s significance cannot be overstated, serving as a lifeline for humanitarian aid and a buffer against the conflict spilling over into Egypt.

The repercussions of a voided peace treaty are serious. For Israel, it could mean the loss of a crucial ally and the need to divert military resources to fortify its southern border at a time when it is already contending with threats on multiple fronts. For Egypt, reneging on the treaty risks not only the loss of substantial U.S. military assistance but also the economic strain of a military buildup along its border with Israel.

Western leaders, including U.S. National Security Council spokesperson John Kirby, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, and the EU’s top diplomat Josep Borrell, have strongly questioned the move to void the treaty as potentially disastrous.