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House Investigates Brazil’s Standoff with Musk, X

Holland McKinnie
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On Wednesday, Elon Musk announced that the U.S. House of Representatives has begun an inquiry into his company’s defiance of questionable Brazilian court orders. The investigation by U.S. lawmakers centers on Musk’s actions through his social media platform X, formerly known as Twitter, which he claims has been unjustly targeted by Brazilian authorities.

The inquiry comes after a tumultuous week in which Musk revived accounts previously blocked by Brazilian Supreme Court Justice Alexandre de Moraes. De Moraes had initiated an investigation into Musk, branding the platform’s refusal as violating Brazilian law. Musk, known for his staunch free speech stance, responded by calling the judge a “dictator” and questioning the legality of the court’s demands.

Musk posted: “X just received an inquiry from the US House of Representatives regarding actions taken in Brazil that were in violation of Brazilian law.” He did not specify which committee or lawmaker initiated the contact but pointed out the serious implications of the inquiry.

The conflict escalated when Musk was accused of starting a “disinformation campaign” and “instigating disobedience.” In response, the billionaire has been vocal about his views on the Brazilian judiciary’s overreach. “This judge has brazenly and repeatedly betrayed the constitution and people of Brazil,” Musk wrote, advocating for de Moraes’s resignation or impeachment.

Brazilian Attorney General Jorge Messias has argued his country must strictly regulate social media to “maintain social peace.”  

X’s Global Government Affairs team expressed concerns that some court orders were not aligned with Brazil’s internet laws or its constitution, emphasizing the need for transparency and due process. The team said it believes some court orders it received were “not in line with” Brazilian law or the country’s constitution. 


Its report added: “People should know why their account is blocked, or why they are being investigated, and given due process to defend themselves in public court. The secrecy around this process is damaging to trust in public institutions.”

As more details about the House inquiry are revealed, monitoring how congressional involvement will influence how American tech companies operate in foreign jurisdictions will be crucial. Musk’s battle in Brazil underscores his personal philosophy and the operating principles of X and is an important chapter in the ongoing global discussion about freedom, control, and the power of social media giants in shaping public discourse.